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Explore your topic: get definitions, summaries, and history by using websites, magazines, newspapers, and encyclopedias (you can use non-scholarly sources for this part, but sure to find quality sources for your references).
Brainstorm the issues surrounding your topic using a concept map and the 5 W’s:
Whyis this an important/interesting issue?
Who is affected by this topic? o What aspects of this topic are of interest to you?
Whereis this issue happening, or on which geographic region are you focusing?
Whendid this issue happen, or on what time period is your research focused?
Create research questions based on your topic using open-ended questions (how, why, should, to what extent, at what point, etc.).
Identify the most important concepts in your research question. These will become your searching keywords.
List any similar words or synonyms for your keywords (e.g.: university OR post-secondary OR college).